International Organization for Standardization

International standardization - standardization, participation is open to the relevant bodies of all countries. Under standardization refers to activities, aimed at achieving order in a given area by establishing provisions for common and repeated use in relation to real and potential problems. This activity is manifested in the development of, publication and application of standards.

The main purpose of international standards - is to create internationally uniform methodological basis for the development of new and improvement of existing quality systems and their certification. Scientific and technical cooperation in the field of standardization is aimed at harmonizing national standardization system with international, regional and progressive national standardization system. The international standardization of development are interested in both industrialized countries, and developing countries, Create your own national economy.

international standardization goals:

  • the level of product quality rapprochement, manufactured in different countries;
  • Ensuring interoperability elements of a complex product;
  • Promotion of International Trade;
  • Promoting mutual exchange of scientific and technical information and the acceleration of scientific and technical progress.

International Organization for Standardization:

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

ISO International Organization began functioning 23 February 1947 g. as a voluntary, NGO. It was established on the basis of reached at the meeting in London 1946 g. Agreement between the representatives of 25 industrialized countries on the establishment of the organization, has the authority to coordinate at the international level, the development of various industry standards and carry out the procedure for adopting them as international standards.

The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)

organization IEC (SEC), educated in 1906 city, It is a voluntary non-governmental organization. its activities, basically, associated with the standardization of the physical characteristics of electrical and electronic equipment. The main attention is paid to issues of IEC, as, eg, electro, testing, recovery, safety of electrical and electronic equipment. IEC members are the national organizations (committees) standardization of technology in their respective industries, representing the interests of their countries in international standardization.

International Telecommunication Union (THAT)

ITU - International Intergovernmental Organization in the field of Telecommunication Standardization. The organization brings together more 500 governmental and non-governmental organizations. It includes telephone, telecommunication and postal ministry, departments and agencies of different countries, as well as the organization of suppliers of equipment for telecommunications services. The main objective of ITU is to coordinate the development of harmonized international rules and recommendations, intended for the construction and use of global television networks and their services. AT 1947 g. ITU has received the status of a specialized agency of the United Nations Organization (UN Officials).

Economic Commission for Europe (United Nations) - the body of the Economic and Social Council of the UN (EKOSOS), established in 1947 g.

EOQ European Organization for Quality (AND WHAT) established in 1957 year. Although it is a regional name, but it is actually a global international organization. The objective of the – as a cross-cutting quality issues (Quality Management System, methods for assessing the quality and others.), and quality problems in relation to the industry (aviation, automotive, FOOD et al.)

The European Committee for Standardization CEN (CEN) established in 1961 year. The main goal of SEN – facilitation of trade in goods and services through the development of European standards (emission class, IN). other objects: uniform application in the Member States SAINT international standards ISO and IEC, cooperation with all the European standards organizations, the provision of certification services in compliance with European standards (emission class).

One of the principles of the CEN – the mandatory use of ISO international standards as the basis for the development of Euronorm or supplement the results, which achieved ISO.

The European Committee for Standardization in electrical CENELEC (CENELEK) established in 1971 year. The main purpose of the organization – development of standards for electrical products. CENELEC standards – a necessary tool for the creation of a single European market.

European Institute for Standardization ETSI Telecommunication (FIND) It began operations in 1988 year. The main objective of the organization – the search for common standards for the establishment of an integrated telecommunication infrastructure. This infrastructure is designed to ensure full compatibility of any equipment and services, offered to consumers. By its status is non-profit organization, which is governed by French law activities (at the location of the institute).

ICC – International Code Council (The International Council on rules and regulations).

International Council for the rules and regulations was established in 1994 as a non-profit organization, whose purpose is the development of a single integrated and coherent model of national standards, relating to construction.

The founders of the ICC are Building Inspection and Supervision Administration for regulatory compliance (BOCA- Building Officials and Code Administrators International), International Conference building inspector (ICBO- International Conference of Building Officials). Since the beginning of the last century, these non-profit organizations have developed three distinct directions in the field of standardization in the United States. And despite the fact, that regional development standards to be effective and consistent with the needs of the country, it's time to create a single direction. And the three groups, develop models of national standards, joined together to form the International Council for the rules and regulations and the development of international standards without national restrictions.

The International Council on rules and regulations is a membership association, designed to ensure the security structures and the development of fire prevention; development of standards, used in the construction of residential and industrial buildings, including homes and schools.

American Society for Testing Materials (American Society for Testing and Materials) – non-profit organization, developing standards and documents for production, supply and regulation of. ASTM standards are accepted for use on a worldwide scale, covering such industries as metallurgy, paints, Plastics, textile, oil, building, energetics, electronics, environmental protection, consumer goods, medical services and devices.

CASCO (CASCO — Committee on conformity assessment) deals with confirmation of product compliance, service processes and requirements of the quality system standards, examine the practice of this activity and analyzing information. The Committee shall develop a testing and conformity assessment guidance (certification) products, services, quality systems, confirmation of the competence of testing laboratories and certification bodies. An important area of ​​work CASCO - promoting mutual recognition and acceptance of national and regional certification systems, as well as the use of international standards in the field of testing and conformity assessment. CASCO together with IEC produced a series of guides on various aspects of certification, which are widely used in member countries of ISO and IEC: principles, contained in those documents, included in the national certification schemes, and also serve as a basis for agreements on conformity assessment of products of mutually in the trade and economic relations between countries of different regions. Hull is also concerned with the creation of common requirements for auditors for accreditation of testing laboratories and assessment of the quality of the accreditation bodies; mutual recognition of certificates of conformity of products and quality systems, etc..

DEVCO (DEVCO — Committee on developing country matters) examines the requests of developing countries in the field of standardization and develop recommendations to assist these countries in the field. The main functions of DEVCO: organization of discussions on a broad scale all aspects of standardization in developing countries, creation of conditions for the exchange of experiences with developed countries; training for Standardization on the basis of various training centers in developed countries; facilitating study tours of experts of organizations, dealing with standardization in developing countries; training manuals on standardization to developing countries; encourage the development of bilateral cooperation of industrialized and developing countries in the field of standardization and metrology

In these areas DEVCO cooperates with the UN. One of the results of joint efforts was the creation and operation of international centers of learning.

KOPOLKO (COPOLCO — Committee on consumer policy) exploring issues of consumer interests and opportunities to promote this through standardization; It summarizes the experience of consumers participating in the creation of standards and is a program of consumer education in the field of standardization and bringing to them the necessary information on international standards. This is facilitated by periodical List of international and national standards, as well as useful guides for consumers: "Comparative testing of consumer goods", "Information on consumer goods", "Development of consumer products standard operating characteristics measuring methods", etc..

COPOLCO participated in the development of ISO / IEC Guide on the preparation of safety standards.

REMKO (REMCO — Committee on reference materials) It provides technical assistance to ISO through the development of appropriate guidelines for, related reference materials (standards). So, prepared a guide to the standard models, and several guides: "The reference to standard samples in the international standards", "Certification of reference materials. General and statistical principles ", etc.. Besides, Remco - Coordinator of ISO standard samples with the international metrology organizations, in particular, with OIML -

International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML) – intergovernmental international organization, having the aim of international harmonization of national metrological services, or other national institutions, aimed at ensuring comparability, correctness and accuracy of measurement results in the countries – OIML member. The organization was founded in 1955 g. on the basis of the Convention, ratified by the legislative bodies of the countries – member. The organization consists industrialized and some developing countries. The total population of the countries – members – over 2 billion people. The International Organization of Weights and Measures (MOMV), the oldest intergovernmental scientific and technical organization, founded 20 May 1875 g. in accordance with a signed

17 countries (including Russian) Metric convention used to unify systems in different countries units, de facto uniformity of length and mass standards (meter and the kilogram).

The purpose of the organization – to promote the dissemination of practical metric system on an international scale, keep the international prototype meter standards, kilogram and other units, to conduct their research and collate them with the national standards, as well as to conduct research and development of the metric system.

American National Standards Institute (English. American national standards institute, ANSI) - Association of American industrial and business groups, develops commercial and communication standards. Included in organizations ISO and IEC, representing US interests there.

19 October 1918 It has been created "American engineering standards committee" (AESC). AT 1928 the committee was renamed the "American Association standards" (SO), and after the reorganization 1966 year - "Institute of Standards" (USASI). The current name is accepted in 1969 year. ANSI members are US corporations, government service, international organizations and individuals.

National Institute of Standards and Technology - (English. The National Institute of Standards and Technology, NIST) US Technology Management Division, one of the agencies of the US Department of Commerce. Headquarters - Gaithersburg. FROM 1901 by 1988 years, called the US National Bureau of Standards.

British Standards Institution (BSI) - British Standards Institution. BSI Group began operations in 1901 g. as a committee of engineers, Standards are set for steel. These standards are used by British industrialists to produce more high-quality and competitive products. BSI - a member of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).

BSI Group has more 100 years, it is a leader in providing business solutions for organizations around the world Management Systems. BSI Group offers the most comprehensive set of services Certification of Management Systems and products, standardization and all types of training.

BSI Group has in its staff 2 274 employee. Each year for more 2000 BSI standards.

world Trade organisation (VTO) established in 1995 g. based on the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.

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